Tyyne Karjalainen is a researcher at the European Union research programme of FIIA. Her research focuses on the EU’s foreign and security policies and Eastern neighbourhood policies, which she also covers in her doctoral research at the University of Turku. Her areas of expertise include differentiated integration, crisis management, peace building, and peace mediation. Before joining FIIA, Karjalainen has worked at the Civilian Security Sector Reform Component at the European Union Advisory Mission (EUAM) in Ukraine, the Research and Development Unit of the Crisis Management Centre (CMC) Finland, and the Finnish Permanent Representation to the United Nations in New York. Karjalainen holds a degree from the Master’s Programme in Peace, Mediation and Conflict Research at the University of Tampere.